President Erdogan is not satisfied with the current structure of the UN Security Council. He wants a greater number of Islamic representatives to be a part of it.
Erdogan suggested that the Security Council system must be reformed, expanded to twenty members from its present fifteen, and permanent seats eliminated
“This system must be reformed,” Erdogan noted. “Just think: five permanent and ten non-permanent Security Council members. They will perform their duties for another two years. The Security Council includes Russia, Britain, France, the USA, and China. There are no representatives of Africa. They too should be represented in this structure. Nor are there any representatives of South America.”
“From the religious point of view, in the top five there are is no Muslim country, there are no representatives of the Buddhists. The Security Council must be representative of all 196 [sic] countries,” the president added.
Moreover, he suggested, “there should not be permanent and non-permanent members…The Security Council should be comprised of 20 countries which should constantly be rotated.”
Offering an example of his discontent with the current system, Erdogan criticized the Security Council’s ‘indecisiveness’ on Syria. “We are talking about Syria, where 500,000 people have been killed. There is the cruel figure of Assad, who has spawned state terror. In fact, he should be tried in The Hague, but the international community has not agreed to this yet.”
Analyzing Erdogan’s remarks, independent online Russian newspaper Svobodnaya Pressa suggested that what the president is effectively calling for is “the dismantling of the key institute in charge of security in the world.”
Its undoing, the paper notes, would signify the end of “an international security infrastructure designed during the Yalta Conference in 1945.” The agreement between Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt at the close of World War II formed the concept of permanent membership, with a right to a veto, for the ‘great powers’ including the Soviet Union (succeeded by Russia), the United States, China, Britain and France.
“By the way,” Svobodnaya Pressa suggested, “Turkey’s president has no moral grounds on which to challenge the post-Yalta world, given that his country’s wartime leadership sympathized with Nazi Germany and only joined the anti-Hitler coalition at the last stage of the war, when its outcome was obvious.”
Moreover, “today, Turkey, to slightly rephrase the US president, is again on the ‘dark side of history’. As recently as last week, Erdogan spoke out against a negotiated solution to the Syrian issue, accusing the US, the EU, the UN, Iran and Russia of ‘dishonest actions in Syria, allowing, directly or indirectly, for Assad’s forces to kill civilians.’ At the same time, the Turkish regime has engaged in the mass killing of the Kurds, both on its own territory and in its invasions of neighboring countries, including Syria and Iraq.”
For his part, Andrei Manoilo, a professor of political science at Moscow State University, told the newspaper that Erdogan’s UN security architecture ‘reform’ initiatives are designed to divert the Turkish people’s attention from a slew of internal problems, and from Ankara’s reckless foreign policy.
“Secondly,” Manoilo notes, “Erdogan is now desperately looking for allies amid the difficult position he has found himself in due to the adventurist nature of his foreign policy. The Turkish government cannot find support either from its partners in NATO, nor among the countries of the Middle East.”