The amount of carbon dioxide has never before been this high. Furthermore, this trend will increase by two parts per million per year.
NASA revealed that the levels of carbon dioxide are higher than 400 parts per million (ppm). In addition to this, levels of methane are higher than the amounts recorded during the pre-industrial period.
NASA scientists still have to determine what happens to the amount of carbon that did not remain in the atmosphere. It is believed that the half of carbon emissions is absorbed by land and sea.
The scientists are also focused on determining how the ability of ecosystems to absorb carbon naturally will be affected by climate change.
Scientists at NASA have to determine whether the Earth’s oceans, forests and land ecosystems in the future will have the ability to absorb about half of all man-made carbon dioxide emissions at the same rate.
The amount of carbon dioxide emission is even measured by NASA’s satellite Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2. This satellite gives scientists additional information about man-made carbon emission, which will be utilized to better understand and predict climate change.
Man-made carbon dioxide emissions also have an effect on the amount of the sun’s energy trapped by Earth’s atmosphere.
A video made by NASA Goddard’s Scientific Vizualisation Studio revealed in detail how carbon dioxide is emitted from fires and mega-cities. The animation is based on real emission data documented during a five-day period in June 2006. It also reveals the behavior of emitted greenhouse gas.
Scientists plan to integrate satellite data, detailed field experiments and super-high-resolution computer models into one approach used to determine the response of carbon-absorbing ecosystems to a warming climate.
According to Lesley Ott, the land and oceans are responsible for the absorption of significant amounts of carbon dioxide emissions.
Since the sea temperature is rising it is unknown whether sea will be able to continue carbon absorption at the same rate. NASA scientists also observed that phytoplankton changed their behavior.
Phytoplankton behavior is observed by NASA scientists because they are influenced by climate and they also have an effect on climate.
NASA also plans to investigate areas which are expected to emit more carbon than to absorb. The areas in question are thawing permafrost in the Arctic and fire-prone forests in Canada.