According to the Foreign Ministry, Russia wants to obtain 1.2 million square kilometers of Arctic sea shelf.
Parts of the Arctic are points of interest for many countries because Arctic contains up to a quarter of the planet’s undiscovered oil and gas. Russia, the U.S., Canada, Denmark and Norway are all rivals in this matter.
In 2002, the United Nations rejected Russia’s claim for jurisdiction due to insufficient evidence. Russia has submitted a new bid, which is supported by abundant scientific data collected over the years of Arctic research. Russia’s bid will be reviewed in the fall.
Over the years, many efforts have been made to claim the Arctic seabed. Moscow dropped a canister with the Russian flag on the ocean floor in 2007. Russia has also increased its military forces in the Arctic.
Russia has even conducted military drills, which involved 38,000 servicemen, more than 50 surface ships and submarines and 110 aircraft. The purpose of this was to show how fast Russia is capable of strengthening its forces on the Arctic Novaya Zemlya and Franz Josef Land archipelagos.