A new production technology promises a world with minimal agricultural imports, less land consumption and food self–sufficiency in as many countries as possible. This idea came from the company Forward Thinking Architecture, in the form of the Smart Floating Farms (SFF) project.
The functioning of these farms of the future is based on sustainable energy production systems such as solar energy, Hydroponics green growing, and Aquaponics. Each of these systems proved its efficiency, but with this new project and the possibility of their use in a completely different environment – on the ocean – they became even more valuable. This approach will support production, and save space at the same time.
The design of these farms relies on the grid configuration used for floating fish farms in Asia. SFFs will cover the surface of 70,000 square meters, and they will consist of multiple modules and three main levels. Each level is designed for a specific purpose (aquaculture and desalination technologies; hydroponic crop cultivation; carrying solar panels, skylights, and rainwater collectors). Even though they are going to be completely automated, human workforce will have the access.
Approximate amount of produced vegetables per module is 8,152 tons, while the expected amount of fish per year equals 1,703 tons.
Materials for the construction were carefully chosen. All of needed materials already exist, and all of them are already tested. That means no extra time will be invested in material inventing and testing. The construction is designed to be lightweight and to correspond to the marine environment.
Comparing to the traditional farming methods, this new approach gives much better results, consuming the minimum amount of resources. Another advantage of the floating farms is that the waste won’t cause any problems, it will be converted into fertilizers. Additionally, droughts, floods, and pests won’t pose a threat.
Looking at the bigger picture, application of this concept will reduce the use of fossil fuels, because no fuel-driven equipment is needed, which at the same time means that carbon emission will be reduced as well. Countries with this kind of production will become less dependent and self-sufficient.