The Palpa lines and Nazca lines are known as the most famous collection of geoglyphs.
While archeologists are still unsure as to what the true purpose of the Palpa lines was, recent archeological studies have shown that the Palpa lines could d predate the Nazca lines by around 1000 years.
While their true purpose is unknown, researchers speculate that ancient mankind created these intricate geometric shapes and humanoid figures as worship to the ancient gods who were believed to control natural forces such as earthquakes, droughts, and flood.
Researchers believe that the Palpa Lines were created by the ancient Paracas people 1000 prior to the Nazca. The ancient Paracas people well know because of their elongated heads, a characteristic which has led to a fiery debate among researchers as there are numerous anomalies connected to the elongated ‘Paracas skulls’. The Paracas people inhabited the region of Palpa and Nazca, at least, a thousand years before the Nazca people.
Today, researchers have observed a staggering 1600 depictions in the Palpa region. But, unlike the lines and geoglyphs that cover hundreds of square kilometers of the flat plain at Nazca, the enigmatic Palpa lines are most located on the sides of hill sin the region or on the tips of surrounding ridges.
Interestingly, the enigmatic ‘runways’ which have been identified in the region do not belong to the Nazca lines but are in fact part of the intriguing Palpa lines. These mysterious lines located on mountaintops are some of the most enigmatic features at Palpa.
One of the most interesting geoglyphs found at Palpa is the ‘Star’ or Ancient Mandala. Interestingly, this ‘alien’ shape is depicted in an extremely remote area sitting atop an arid mountain plateau, causing confusion among those who have been able to observe it directly.
The Mandala is considered a ritual symbol in Indian religions and represents the universe. Today, the mandala has become a generic term used to describe any diagram, chart or geometrical pattern that represents the cosmos. The Mandala also symbolizes the notion that life is, in fact, a never ending cycle. But what is it doing in Peru? Who created it… and for what purpose?
The Mandala at Palpa seems to have been carved with extreme precision and detail, created on the ground measuring around 180 feet across, with an inner circle of the same diameter. In addition, several other smaller circles, approximately 20 feet in diameter are etched in the landscape along with a series of strategically placed holes.