Europe could be the first to answer the question whether or not Mars is inhabited by native organisms.
The answer to this question could be available after the October 19 when Europe’s alien hunting lander is due to touch down on the surface of Mars.
Called the Schiaparelli, this litter rover has ONE mission: To pave the way for future missions that will seek to find out if there are aliens on Mars. No matter how small, the ExoMars mission will explore the red planet and see if it is inhabited, or was in the distant past.
The Schiaparelli lander will help the ExoMars Rover, a fancy, high-tech laboratory with a number of life seeking instruments –which will begin its journey towards Mars in 2020— explore the red planet in hopes of finding Aliens.
The spacecraft carrying the Schiaparelli was launched on March 14 and has travelled nearly 500 million kilometers across our inner solar system to reach Mars.
As it arrives at Mars, it will deploy a small lander – Schiaparelli — which will eventually help us sniff out whether or not there is life on Mars.
Schiaparelli will be used to test the rover’s descent and landing system which employs the usual: a heat shield, parachute, and retro rockets.
Also, Schiaparelli carries a number of instruments that will measure wind speed, humidity, pressure and temperature at the landing site. It will also perform electric field measurements which could help experts understand how devastating Martian dust storms are formed.
Speaking to reporters, orbiter flight director Michel Denis said: “Uploading the command sequences is a milestone that was achieved following a great deal of intense cooperation between the mission control team and industry specialists.”
Three days later, when Schiaparelli enters the Martian atmospheres and lands safely on the alien world, the Trace Gas Orbiter will enter an elliptical orbit around the red planet. The Trace Fas Orbiter or TGO is one of the most important parts of the mission since it will sniff out rare gasses in Mars’ atmosphere including Methane.
The mission will help scientists understand whether the anomalous amounts of Methane on Mars have a geological or biological origin.