The human colony on the Moon could happen in the future. The European Space Agency (ESA) plans to put this idea into practice.
The ESA says that it wants to set up a lunar base by 2030, but in the decade prior to this, it will send astronauts back and forth for testing.
The ESA said: “This return to the Moon envisions a series of human missions starting in the early 2020s that would see astronauts interact with robots on the lunar surface from orbit. Robots will land first, paving the way for human explorers.
“Eventually we will see a sustained infrastructure for research and exploration where humans will live and work for prolonged periods.
“Here we will put into practice the lessons of the International Space Station, to establish a facility akin to those we see in Antarctica today. In the future the moon can become a place where the nations of the world work together.”
The mission will begin in 2020 when the ESA sends the Russian Luna 27 to the south pole of the moon to collect soil samples for testing.
The long-term objective is to provide scientists with a better understanding of lunar resources such as frozen ice water and they hope to explore the parts of the moon that have so far been remained a mystery to man.
The ESA added: “Scientists and engineers are looking in particular for frozen volatiles known to be concealed within permanent shadows at the lunar poles.
“Their distribution in different regions is not yet clear. Understanding where they are important for a sustainable long-term strategy.”
Additionally, they believe that the moon may hold the secrets as to how life on Earth began.
The ESA said: “Secrets to how life began on Earth more than three billion years ago could be well-preserved in these unexplored areas – 384 thousand kilometres away.”