The construction of the Great pyramid of Giza was always a mystery. How could such an ancient civilization been able to construct such huge and wonderful monuments? Archeologist have found an ancient scroll that can shed some light on this age old question.
In 2013 in the Red sea an ancient papyrus was discovered. It contained a number of details describing the creation of the Great Pyramid of Giza and the fact that it was built in honor of the Egyptian pharaoh Khufu.
The document, being 4,500 years old and the oldest document ever discovered in Egypt, is actually a diary belonging to one inspector Mere. This man was leading a team of 200 men, most probably construction workers.
Pierre Tallet and Gregory Marouard, both archeologists, further wrote in the journal Near Eastern Archeology that the scroll details the processes of obtaining stone from the quarries near the river Nile, as well as mentioning the limestone used for the pyramid outer layer is being brought from Tura, by ship.
It documents the journey from Tura by boat, as we as the everyday operations done at the Great Pyramid of Khufu construction site.
Researchers believe the document was recorded in the 27th year of Pharaoh Khufu’s reign. They base this assumption on the fact that the scroll states that the Pyramid was nearly finished.
The scroll also mentions Vizier Ankhaf, who was the half-brother of Khufu and who oversaw the construction of all great monuments in Egypt during his brother’s rule.