It is confirmed that the Siberian bracelet, the oldest piece of jewelry ever discovered, is 40,000 years old. It is stunning.
The Denisova Cave in Siberia, not far from Chinese and Mongolian border, is the location of this discovery. This artifact was found along with the bones of extinct mammoths and other 125,000 years old artifacts.
The name of the cave comes from the Denisovan people, a mysterious species of hominines from the Homo genus. Denisovans, Homo sapiens and Neanderthals genetically don’t have too much in common.
It is known that Denisovans came from Africa. Nobody knows when that exactly happened, but it has to be after the Homo erectus, and long before Homo sapiens showed up.
Many things make Denisovans exceptional. A recent discovery of the finger bone of a Denisovan woman, as well as the discovery of numerous teeth, indicates that, in terms of morphology, Denisovans were not comparable to Neanderthals and Homo sapiens.
Despite that, Neanderthals, Homo sapiens and Denisovans coexisted for some time, before their extinction. Skeletal remains helped us find out that they mated with our ancestors and the Neanderthals.
The interesting fact is that DNA confirmed that Devisovans also mated with some undiscovered and unidentified human species.
As skeletal remains suggest, it is likely that Denisovans were much stronger and dominant than modern humans. Up until now, it was believed that they were more primitive than us.
However, the bracelet disapproves that. They were very advanced for their time and they possessed the skills and techniques needed to make this bracelet.
Now it is obvious that these skills are not specific just to humans from the Neolithic period (10,000 BC) and that this bracelet didn’t end up among the oldest artifacts by mistake.
Experiments confirmed that the bracelet could not have belonged to Homo sapiens or Neanderthals. Years of examination convinced scientists that the Stone Age came 30,000 years after the bracelet was made.
Dr. Anatoly Derevyanko, the head of the Museum of History and Culture of the Siberian Peoples said:
“The skills of its creator were flawless. Initially we thought that the bracelet was made by Neanderthals or modern humans, but it turned out that it was Denisovan”
Mikhail Shunkov, deputy director of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography in Novosibirsk believes that Denisovans were more advanced than the other two human species. It is hard to believe that the master have used a tool similar to a modern drill.
Dr. Derevyanko also points out that the analysis of the diameters of the bracelet indicated very high rotational speed of the drill.
The master knew how to drill, grind and polish, and those are some of the skills that were atypical for the Palaeolithic era, Dr Derevyanko said.
Chlorite is a type of stone that this bracelet was made of. The nearest deposits of this stone were 200 km away from the place where the bracelet was found.
This bracelet can be described as very elegant and it is reasonable to assume that it was meant for some important person to wear it, a Devisovan princess for example.
Ancient people believed in the magical powers of every piece of jewelry. The purpose of bracelets and necklaces was to protect people from evil spirits, Shunkov said.
It is obvious that this piece of jewelry belonged to someone very important in the society. Specific material and complex technology confirmed that.
Anatoly Derevyanko commented on the beauty of this item, saying that the bracelet is fabulous. Its surface reflects the sun rays, and during the night it becomes wonderfully green.
It is stated that the archeologists have also found a marble ring, but the details about this item haven’t been released yet.